oleh : Ahmad Fikri, trainer Makmal Pendidikan

 

Berbagai isu tentang pendidikan sedang marak, dari mulai sertifikasi guru, rencana penambahan mata ujian pada UN SMP dan SMA, serta pengumuman pemerintah tentang pelaksanaan Ujian Sekolah Berstandar Nasional (US-BN) bagi siswa SD. Kesemuanya itu bertitik tolak pada harapan akan meningkatnya kualitas pendidikan, namun ditengah-tengah polemik yang semakin ramai tersebut, kita dihentakkan kembali pada daftar peringkat universitas di kawasan Asia-Pasific maupun pada tingkat dunia yang dirilis oleh THES 2007. Hasilnya, universitas di Indonesia semakin terpuruk saja. Inikah gambaran hasil standarisasi pendidikan melalui sebuah ujian nasional ? Apakah ini juga merupakan kegagalan pemerintah dalam meingkatkan kualitas pendidikan, bahkan hingga di perguruan tinggi ?

Dalam rilis tersebut, Indonesia, secara “meyakinkan” melorot ke peringkat lebih rendah dari tahun sebelumnya. Kalau kemudian ingin dibandingkan dengan negeri jiran (Malaysia, Singapura, Australia), maka nasib serupalah yang terjadi, selalu berada di bawah mereka. Mari kita amati peringkat versi THES (Times Higher Education Supplement – Quacquarelli Symonds) 2007 untuk Asia Pasifik berikut ini :

 

World rank

Regional rank

Universities/country

score

16

1

AUSTRALIAN National University Australia

91.6

17

2

University of TOKYO Japan

91.1

18

3

University of HONG KONG Hong Kong

90.7

25

4

KYOTO University Japan

87.2

27

5

University of MELBOURNE Australia

85.9

31

6

The University of SYDNEY Australia

84.6

33

7

University of QUEENSLAND Australia

84.3

34

8

National University of SINGAPORE Singapore

84.3

36

9

PEKING University China

84.2

38

10

The CHINESE University of Hong Kong Hong Kong

83.8

40

11

TSINGHUA University China

83.3

43

12

MONASH University Australia

821

44

13

University of NEW SOUTH WALES Australia

81.8

46

14

OSAKA University Japan

80.0

50

15

The University of AUCKLAND New Zealand

77.5

51

16

SEOUL National University South Korea

77.1

53

17

HONG KONG University of Science & Techno… Hong Kong

76.9

62

18

University of ADELAIDE Australia

74.7

64

19

University of WESTERN AUSTRALIA Australia

74.3

69

20

NANYANG Technological University Singapore

73.6

85

21

FUDAN University China

71.6

90

22

TOKYO Institute of Technology Japan

70.5

102

23

TOHOKU University Japan

68.0

103

24

National TAIWAN University Taiwan

68.0

112

25

NAGOYA University Japan

66.1

114

26

University of OTAGO New Zealand

65.6

125

27

NANJING University China

64.4

132

28

KOREA Advanced Institute of Science & Te… Korea South

63.7

136

29

KYUSHU University Japan

62.8

149

30

CITY University of Hong Kong Hong Kong

61.2

151

31

HOKKAIDO University Japan

61.1

155

32

University of Science and Technology of … China

60.9

161

33

KEIO University Japan

59.9

163

34

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG University China

59.7

168

35

MACQUARIE University Australia

58.8

180

36

WASEDA University Japan

57.7

188

37

University of CANTERBURY New Zealand

56.6

195

38

QUEENSLAND University of Technology Australia

55.8

197

39

KOBE University Japan

55.5

199

40

University of WOLLONGONG Australia

55.3

201

41

RMIT University Australia

54.8

205

42

LA TROBE University Australia

54.1

209

43

ZHEJIANG University China

53.8

210

44

University of TSUKUBA Japan

53.8

212

45

HIROSHIMA University Japan

53.7

215

46

University of NEWCASTLE Australia

53.3

223

47

CHULALONGKORN University Thailand

52.3

233

48

POHANG University of Science and Technol… Korea South

51.0

234

49

VICTORIA University of Wellington New Zealand

50.9

235

50

CURTIN University of Technology Australia

50.7

236

51

YONSEI University Korea South

50.6

242

52

MASSEY University New Zealand 49.7

243

53

KOREA University Korea South

49.6

246

54

Universiti MALAYA (UM) Malaysia

49.4

254

55

University of DELHI India

49.0

256

56

The HONG KONG Polytechnic University Hong Kong

48.6

259

57

University of Technology SYDNEY Australia

48.1

264

58

University of TASMANIA Australia

47.5

269

59

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (I… India

46.7

273

60

NAGASAKI University Japan

46.3

284

61

CHIBA University Japan

44.7

285

62

MAHIDOL University Thailand

44.7

291

63

University of SOUTH AUSTRALIA Australia

43.8

307

64

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (II… India

42.4

308

65

Universiti Sains MALAYSIA (USM) Malaysia

42.4

309

66

GRIFFITH University Australia

42.3

310

67

Universiti Kebangsaan MALAYSIA (UKM) Malaysia

42.3

318

68

SHOWA University Japan

41.8

319

69

University of WAIKATO New Zealand

41.7

324

70

TIANJIN University China

41.5

331

71

GUNMA University Japan

40.2

334

72

National TSING HUA University Taiwan

40.0

335

73

TOKYO Metropolitan University Japan

39.9

336

74

National CHENG KUNG University Taiwan

39.8

345

75

GIFU University Japan

39.2

351

76

FLINDERS University Australia

38.7

354

77

YOKOHAMA NATIONAL University Japan

38.6

360

78

Universitas GADJAH MADA Indonesia

38.3

364

79

Science University TOKYO Japan

38.1

365

80

OSAKA CITY University Japan

38.1

366

81

Universiti Putra MALAYSIA (UPM) Malaysia

38.1

369

82

BANDUNG Institute of Technology Indonesia

37.8

374

83

DEAKIN University Australia

37.3

377

84

OKAYAMA University Japan

37.2

380

85

SUNG KYUN KWAN University Korea South

36.9

386

86

KUMAMOTO University Japan

36.4

395

87

University of INDONESIA Indonesia

34.9

398

88

SOGANG University Korea South

34.7

399

89

University of the PHILIPPINES Philippines

34.7

400

90

National CENTRAL University Taiwan

34.7

401

91

National CHIAO TUNG University Taiwan

34.6

403

92

YOKOHAMA CITY University Japan

34.5

404

93

KANAZAWA University Japan

34.5

409

94

SHANDONG University China

34.1

416

95

HANYANG University Korea South

33.4

417

96

Universiti Teknologi MALAYSIA (UTM) Malaysia

33.4

420

97

HITOTSUBASHI University Japan

33.3

423

98

CHONBUK National University Korea South

33.2

432

99

MIE University Japan

32.4

434

100

TOKAI University Japan

31.9

443

101

SOUTHEAST University China

31.2

445

102

TONGJI University China

31.0

447

103

XI’AN JIAOTONG University China

30.9

448

104

THAMMASAT University Thailand

30.9

449

105

KASETSART University Thailand

30.9

451

106

NIIGATA University Japan

30.8

452

107

Ateneo de MANILA University Philippines

30.8

455

108

University of LAHORE Pakistan

30.4

456

109

National SUN YAT-SEN University Taiwan

30.4

459

110

PUSAN National University Korea South

30.1

460

111

National TAIWAN University of Science an… Taiwan

30.1

461

112

University of JILIN China

30.0

462

113

University of CALCUTTA India

30.0

463

114

University of PUNE India

29.7

464

115

CHIANG MAI University Thailand

29.7

466

116

KAGOSHIMA University Japan

29.6

470

117

National University of Sciences and Tech… Pakistan

29.4

479

118

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (… India

29.0

480

119

University of MUMBAI India

28.9

484

120

OCHANOMIZU Unversity Japan

28.7

489

121

Indian Institute of Technology Madras (I… India

28.1

492

122

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (I… India

27.5

493

123

KYUNGPOOK National University Korea South

27.3

495

124

National YANG MING University Taiwan

27.2

499

125

National CHUNG HSING University Taiwan

27.1

502

126

AIRLANGGA University Indonesia

26.4

504

127

KYUNG HEE University Korea South

26.2

505

128

RITSUMEIKAN University Japan

26.1

508

129

INHA University Korea South

25.0

512

130

CHONNAM National University Korea South

24.8

514

131

FU JEN Catholic University Taiwan

24.5

515

132

SAITAMA University Japan

24.3

516

133

CHUNGNAM National University Korea South

24.3

519

134

DE LA SALLE University Philippines

23.9

521

135

AOYAMA GAKUIN University Japan

23.5

522

136

National CHENGCHI University Taiwan

23.4

525

137

National TAIWAN NORMAL University Taiwan

22.5

526

138

PRINCE OF SONGKLA University Thailand

22.5

527

139

University of DHAKA Bangladesh

22.4

531

140

KHON KAEN University Thailand

21.8

534

141

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur… India

20.9

535

142

University of SANTO TOMAS Philippines

20.8

544

143

DOSHISHA University Japan

18.1

545

144

BOGOR Agricultural University Indonesia

17.6

547

145

University of COLOMBO Sri Lanka

17.5

552

146

EHWA WOMANS University Korea South

16.4

553

147

DIPONEGORO University Indonesia

15.4

554

148

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati … India

15.2

559

149

Universitiy of KARACHI Pakistan

13.8

564

150

QUAID-I-AZAM University Pakistan

10.4

Mari kita lihat pula perbandingan posisi Indonesia pada tahun sebelumnya :

 

UNIVERSITAS

2006

2007

UGM

270

360

ITB

258

369

UI

250

395

UNAIR

502

IPB

545

UNDIP

495

553

Mengamati daftar di atas, kita disuguhkan pula bahwa, tak satupun yang masuk daftar urutan 200 pada 2007 ini. Kita juga menyaksikan bahwa Jepang, Singapura, Australia dan Hongkong masuk posisi 50 besar dunia, last but not least Malaysia, India dan Thailand masih berada di atas UGM yang merupakan jagoan kita tahun ini. Selamat kepada para pemenang. Untuk Indonesia, jangan berkecil hati masih ada ajang lain yang … dapat kita raih prestasi terbaiknya. Orang bijak pernah berkata, “kegagalan adalah kesuksesan yang tertunda.”